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This list of resources supports child welfare staff and leaders as they confront implicit bias, implement system changes, and work to achieve racial equity within their organizations and across systems. The nine categories contain tools, guides, assessments, and curricula which are used to increase understanding, facilitate dialogue, deliver training, analyze current policies, and implement sustainable strategies. If there are any resources we can help you find or you have resources to add to this collection, please contact Eden Abraham at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Click on each category to filter your results by topical area.

 

     

 

All Racial Equity Resources  ~  Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice ~ Data & Analysis ~ Discussion Guides ~  Education & Training ~ Evaluation & Outcomes ~ Implementation Guides ~ Institutional Analysis ~  Organizational & Self Assessments ~ Resources From Other Systems


 

Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice

A Social Worker's Tool Kit for Working with Immigrant Families - A Child Welfare Flowchart
The flowchart illustrates how and when immigration issues may arise during the chronology of a child welfare case, beginning at the point of a child abuse report and continuing through assessment, diversion or intervention, removal, dependency issues and permanency planning. (2009)

Addressing Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare
This issue brief explores efforts to address racial disproportionality in child welfare by focusing on changes in policy and practice at specific decision points in the child welfare process—prevention, reporting, investigation, service provision, out-of-home care, and permanency—as well as policies and practices that can be implemented across several or all of these decision points. The issue brief is designed to help administrators, program managers, and policymakers explore solutions to racial disproportionality in their own child welfare systems. Specific examples of State and local projects that address disproportionality are highlighted throughout. (2011)

All Children-All Families Benchmarks of LGBT Cultural Competency
This one-page document offers ten benchmarks or steps that agencies need to achieve to be designated “Leaders in Supporting and Serving LGBT Youth & Families” and awarded the Seal of Recognition. (2014)

Best Practices Guide for Working with Families from Refugee Backgrounds in Child Welfare
This guide is an overview of selected topics that are relevant to providing culturally responsive services to families with refugee backgrounds and understanding their unique needs. (2016)

Building a Culturally Responsive Workforce: The Texas Model for Undoing Disproportionality & Disparities in Child Welfare
This session, the eighth session in What Works for the Workforce: Leadership Competencies in Action –highlights a collection of strategies for building a culturally responsive workforce based upon the Texas Model for Addressing Disproportionality & Disparities, a framework that encompasses (1) data-driven strategies; (2) leadership development; (3) culturally competent workforce development; (4) community engagement; (5) cross-systems collaboration; (6) comprehensive training systems defined by anti-racist principles; and (7) a systems-wide understanding of the history of institutional racism and its impact. (2013)

Child Welfare Information Gateway: Cultural Competence
This webpage provides resources to help workers, agencies, and systems better understand and enhance their cultural competence, including information on working with children, youth, and families; disproportional representation of minority groups in the child welfare system; culturally competent services; training for child welfare staff; and the specific role of cultural competence in child maltreatment, out-of-home care, and adoption.

Child Welfare’s Response to Diversity (North Carolina)
This issue of Practice Notes discusses the growing racial and ethnic diversity of the United States and subsequent challenges for the child welfare system by listing the principles that guide North Carolina's provision of family-centered services. (2009)

Cultural Resources for Practitioners
This document provides child welfare practitioners a list of resources and learning opportunities that focus on cultural issues and specific populations, raise awareness and promote critical thinking about cultural issues common to child welfare practice. (2010)

Cultural Humility
This 30-minute documentary explains what cultural humility is and why we need it, and describes a set of principles that guide the thinking, behavior and actions of individuals and institutions to positively affect interpersonal relationships as well as systems change. (2012)

Cultural Humility and Management in Child Welfare
This webinar discusses culture, multiculturalism, intersectionality and how cultural humility connects to cultural competence and contributes to cultural responsiveness. It includes a video case example and discussion on how to apply the concepts to agency practice. (2013)

Cultural Humility in Child Welfare Practice
This webcast provides a case-based, self-reflective and interactive training curriculum, helping child welfare staff to learn from the diverse people with whom they work, reserve judgment, and bridge the cultural divide between perspectives in order to develop and maintain mutual respect and a collaborative working relationship. (2009)

Culturally Competent Practice with Latino Children and Families (Instructor Manual)
This training curriculum is designed to child[WU1] protection staff on culturally competent practice with Latino children and families by building competency for work with this population using a Systems of Care model. (2005)

Culturally Competent Practice with Latino Families (Georgia)
This training curricula provides participants with an introduction to the basic concepts of culturally competent practice, and specific skills and knowledge for culturally competent practice with Latino families. (2006)

Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice - CW360
This issue explores cultural responsiveness and concepts related to culturally informed practice, features an expanded practice section focusing on innovative, community developed practices, presents articles from child welfare stakeholders on practice implementation and the personal impact of addressing culture in child welfare work, and offers tools and information to help professionals apply the concepts in their own work settings. (2015) 

Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice - CW360 Integrated Bibliography
This bibliography offers an extensive list of resources dealing with Cultural Responsive Child Welfare Practice. (2015)

Dismantling Racial Inequity #2: Community Collaboration and Grassroots Effort
This webinar is the second session of "Dismantling Racial Inequity Through Child Welfare Systems Change" webinar series and highlights the partnership between Iowa Department of Human Services and Native American community representatives and their efforts to address the overrepresentation of Native American children in the Woodbury County child welfare system. (2017)

Expanding the Family Circle
This webpage provides Expanding the Family Circle training which teaches a framework for the experienced caseworker to integrate a culturally competent family-centered approach to casework practice with all families engaged in child welfare services and offers skills and strategies for working with all members of a family system, including couples, resident and non-resident fathers, extended family members and community supports. (2009)

Family Reunification Among Mexican and Vietnamese Immigrant Children in the Child Welfare System: Toward an Understanding of Promising Practices to Improve Service Availability and Effectiveness
This study examines family reunification among Mexican and Vietnamese immigrant and non-immigrant children and identifies promising practices to improve service availability and effectiveness. (2013)

FRIENDS National Resource Center for Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention: Cultural Responsiveness
This webpage provides training tools on cultural responsiveness and offer a basic framework for stimulating discussion about: (a) what is meant by cultural responsiveness and why it is important, (b) how to evaluate individual and organizational cultural responsiveness, and (c) how to begin to develop cultural responsiveness and create a culturally specific approach to ensure ongoing success. (2006) 

Immigration and Language Guidelines for Child Welfare Staff, 2nd edition
This booklet offers an overview of immigration and language issues to best serve the child welfare issues for the New York City's immigrant community. (2005)

Information Packet Cultural Sensitivity with Immigrant Families and Their Children
This document provides basic information on incorporating cultural sensitivity in interventions with immigrant families and children. (2003)

Indian Child Welfare Resources from the National Conference of State Legislatures
This webpage provides resources about Indian Child Welfare Act, including background, basic provisions, federal guidance and courts, and general information regarding child welfare in Indian country, including trauma-informed care, relative caregivers, and social services among urban AI/AN populations. Keywords: Native American, American Indian (2015)

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning (LGBTQ) Youth in the Child Welfare System
This training course assists child welfare professionals in being aware of the needs of youth who identify as LGBTQ in their programs, and how to address those needs. (2016)

Places to Watch: Promising Practices to Address Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare
This report shares ten jurisdictions’ approaches to reducing racial disproportionality and disparities in their child welfare services in order to generate learning for—and give guidance to—others in the field. (2006)

Race Matters: Unequal Opportunity within the Child Welfare System
This brief explains why equal opportunity is important in the U.S. child welfare system, shows the consequences of unintended actions and presents tools and strategies to mitigate racial inequities. (2006)

Resources to Enhance Child Welfare Training Curricula for Staff Working with Refugees & Immigrants
This webpage, provided by Bridging Refugee Youth and Children’s Services (BRYCS), offers various books, reports, articles and presentations focusing on enhancing child welfare training curricula for staff working with refugee and immigrant children.

Resources for Child Welfare Professionals Working with Families from Refugee Backgrounds
This guide provides information and resources to assist child welfare workers in providing culturally responsive, appropriate services to meet the unique needs of families with refugee backgrounds. This resource guide includes specific resources for two of Minnesota’s newest refugee communities (Bhutan and Burma). (2016)

Staff Retention in Child & Family Services: Working with Differences
This training aims to increase child and family service agencies' effectiveness in developing and retaining their staff by applying information from research and best retention practices. (2007)

The Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) An Overview
This webinar provides an overview of the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA), a federal law passed in 1978 in response to the alarmingly high number of Indian children being removed from their homes by both public and private agencies. (2011)

Twenty Things Supervisors Can Do to Support Workers to Competently Practice with LGBTQ Children, Youth, and Families
This document briefly highlights twenty ways that child welfare supervisors can support workers in practicing competently with LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning) children, youth, and families. It provides concrete tips that supervisors can utilize in their day-to-day work in order to provide supervision that helps workers to enhance their skills in practicing with LGBTQ children, youth, and families and to promote an LGBTQ-affirming agency environment. (2014)

Understanding and Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in the Front End of the Child Welfare System
This executive summary examines the nature of disproportionality in the frontend of the child welfare system and the interventions designed to address it. (2005)

Working with Clients who are Immigrants a Guide for Connecticut DCF' Social Workers
This guide was designed for social workers in Connecticut but serves as an example that other states may wish to replicate. It includes sections on demographics, statuses and statistics, legislation regarding basic needs eligibility, the immigration experience, and more. (2008)

Working with Immigrant Children & Families, A Practice Model: Trainer’s Guide (Georgia)
This training helps social services staff address cultural and language barriers, provide culturally competent practices and service delivery, and engage the community. (2009)

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Data & Analysis

Addressing Disproportionality of Minorities in the Iowa Child Welfare System
This Executive Summary document serves to provide a brief introduction to the issues, data, and next steps for a statewide approach to get beyond dialogue to action for addressing disproportionality of minorities in the Iowa child welfare system. (2009)

Addressing Implicit Bias in the Child Welfare System
This presentation outlines disparities throughout the process (i.e, referral & investigation, substantiation, removal & out-of-home placement), impact of implicit bias, and tools to measure racial disproportionality and disparity and implicit bias

By The Numbers: Using Disaggregated Data to Inform Policies, Practices and Decision-making
This publication is the second installment in the Race for Results case study series. It features an inside look at how the W. Haywood Burns Institute and the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Social Policy use disaggregated data on race and ethnicity to improve the lives of children and communities. The Kirwan and Burns examples illustrate why the collection, analysis and use of race and ethnicity data should be an integral part of any strategy, initiative or legislative agenda affecting children, families and communities. (2016)

Data Strategies: Measuring Racial Disparities in Child Welfare
This webinar helps agency leaders, managers and data staff identify at which decision points children of different races experience inequitable outcomes, and measure the effectiveness of improvement efforts. (2016)

Disproportionality & Disparities in Oregon’s Child Welfare System - County Level Analysis of Administrative Data: Multnomah County
This report analyzes nine key decision points in the child welfare system in Multnomah County, Oregon, in order to investigate disproportionality and racial disparities. (2009).

Disproportionality Rates for Children of Color in Foster Care: Technical Assistance Bulletin
This Bulletin, released June 2015, utilizes (2013) Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) data and 2013 census population estimates data to calculate current disproportionality indexes for the nation, every state, and Washington, D.C. The Bulletin makes comparisons between 2000 and 2013 disproportionality rates to illustrate changes that have occurred in the last decade regarding overrepresentation of children of color in the foster care system. African American and Native American disproportionality rates are illustrated in color coded maps demonstrate trends over time. (2015) 

Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
This report explores the intersection of kids, race and opportunity. The report features the new Race for Results Index, which compares how children are progressing on key milestones across racial and ethnic groups at the national and state levels, and makes four policy recommendations to help ensure that all children and their families realize their full potential. (2014)

Race for Results: Wisconsin’s Need to Reduce Racial Disparities
This is a corresponding publication to the Annie E. Casey Foundation’s “Race for Results” report and highlights the pressing need to reduce racial disparities in Wisconsin. (2014)

Race to Equity: A Baseline Report on the State of Racial Disparities in Dane County
This report summarizes the first year of data collection, analysis and community feedback--all aimed at promoting greater public awareness and understanding of the depth and breadth of the racial disparities that differentiate the white and black experience in Dane County, Wisconsin. (2013)

Racial Disproportionality and Disparity in Child Welfare
This issue brief explores the prevalence of racial disproportionality and disparity in the child welfare system and describes strategies that can assist child welfare administrators, program managers, and policymakers with addressing these issues in general and at specific decision points in the child welfare process (e.g., prevention, reporting, investigation, service provision, out-of-home care, permanency). Examples of State and local initiatives that address disproportionality also are highlighted. (2016)

Racial Disproportionality in Wisconsin's Child Welfare System
This report examines disproportionality of African American and American
Indian children in Wisconsin's child welfare system. The authors review data, research on theories of racial disproportionality in the child welfare system and efforts by organizations and jurisdictions around the country to reduce disproportionality. The report features promising practices that include further analysis of child welfare data, creation of an action committee, and development of an action plan. (2009) 

Racial Equity Child Welfare Data Analysis Tool State of The Science: Implicit Bias Review
This this publication highlights new academic literature through the lenses of five main domain areas: criminal justice, health and health care, employment, education, and housing. Accompanying these five content areas is a discussion of the latest research-based strategies for mitigating the influence of implicit biases, assessments, measurements, as well as a recognition of major contributions that expand beyond these domain-specific boundaries. 

Starting with the Numbers: The importance of data collection & analysis in system efforts to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities
This video discusses the work of Connecticut’s Department of Children and Families Statewide Racial Justice Workgroup (SRJW) to develop and operationalize data-driven strategies to address racial disparities in the state’s child welfare system, why data is a significant component of their efforts and how the entire agency came to adopt a racial justice lens. (2016)

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Discussion Guides

3 Tools for Getting Started with the Race Matters Toolkit
This paper introduces three simple tools for starting racial equity work off right. (2006)

Building a Multi-Ethnic, Inclusive & Antiracist Organization
This tool offers resources that support a transformational process to become a more inclusive antiracist and multiracial organization. (2005)

Courageous Conversations about Race
This webinar presentation describes four steps: notice, engage, understand, and empathize of having courageous conversations about race.

Culture Card: A Guide to Build Cultural Awareness
This guide provides basic information to enhance cultural competence while providing services in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. Keywords: Native American, American Indian (2009)

Dismantling Racism: A Resource Book: For Social Change Groups
This resource book is a compilation of materials designed to supplement a Dismantling Racism workshop, which supports organizations to build a shared analysis of race and racism, to engage in anti-racist organizational development and to move racial justice organizing campaigns. (2005)

Facilitators’ Racial Equity Checklist
This document helps guides facilitators debrief dialogue sessions and make sure a group is working well together. (2010)

Facing Racism in a Diverse Nation Discussion Guide
This discussion guide helps all kinds of people take part in meaningful dialogue to examine gaps among racial and ethnic groups and create institutional and policy change. (2008)

Institutional Racism and the Social Work Profession: A Call to Action
This document provides definitions of institutional/structural racism, clarifies how it is relevant to the social work profession, and details how it is manifested in the social systems within which social workers engage, and offers a vision for how the social work profession can address structural racism, in terms of both limiting its negative influence and creating conditions for effectuating realistic, achievable positive outcomes. (2007)

It’s Time to Talk: How to Start Conversations about Racial Inequities
This report tells how KIDS COUNT advocates in Nebraska, Wisconsin and Washington used solid data, leadership and citizen engagement to spur race-based legislation and community change. It is the first installment in the 5-part Race for Results Case Study series, which explores the intersection of kids, race and opportunity in America. (2015)

K. Hardy's Tasks of the Privileged and Subjugated
This model offers guidelines for effectively discussing racism or other forms of social oppression in a mixed group.

Racial Equity Tools Glossary
This list defines commonly used terms in order to enhance the quality of dialogue and discourse on race in America and your community. (2013)

Speed Meeting Activity for Communities Addressing Racism
This activity is for programs addressing racism and racial equity and can be used whenever people don't know each other and need to connect at any phase of the work, and especially in the organizing phase. (2014)

The Four Agreements of Courageous Conversations
This document offers guidelines that help create the conditions for safe exploration and learning for all throughcourageous conversations about race. (2006)

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Education & Training

Building Bridges: A Guide to Planning and Implementing Cross-Service Training
This guide outlines a training program for service providers in the specific needs of refugee families, with an emphasis on coordination of services among public child welfare agencies, refugee-servicing agencies, and refugee community associations. The guide reinforces the concept of establishing mechanisms of ongoing communication and collaboration among all service providers through cross-service training, with the ultimate goal of creating and sustaining a comprehensive continuum of care for the refugee population. (2003)

Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) Staff Core Competencies for Working to Achieve Racial Equity
This document outlines the attitudes, skills and knowledge to help the Center for the Study of Social Policy (CSSP) staff become more competent in understanding disparities by race, ethnicity and culture. (2014)

Child Abuse Characteristics and Patterns among Cambodian, Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese American Families
This curriculum strives to meet the core competencies as outlined by the California Social Work Education Center (CalSWEC), to provide child welfare and social workers with the information to serve their clients with basic practices that are ethnically sensitive and multicultural in scope. (2006)

Child Welfare Practice in a Multicultural Environment: California Common Core Curricula for Child Welfare Workers, Competencies and Learning Objectives
This document offers a brief overview of the competencies, outcomes and learning objectives of the California Common Core Curricula for Child Welfare Workers. (2011)

Child Welfare Practice in a Multicultural Environment: A Core Class for New Child Welfare Workers
This presentation facilitates self-reflection and openness to cultural differences on the part of child welfare workers and to assist the worker in applying this material to work with individuals and families in child welfare. (2009)

Child Welfare Training Curricula for Staff Working with Refugees & Immigrant
This webpage, provided by Bridging Refugee Youth and Children’s Services (BRYCS), offers various workshops, trainings, and curricula for staff working with refugee and immigrant children and families.

Curriculum for the Worker Factors in the Overrepresentation of African Americans in the Child Welfare System Research Project
This curriculum outlines five modules to address the issue of overrepresentation of African Americans in child welfare, and provides materials including historical context, current statistics, theories, research findings, and strengths-based materials on African Americans to support and encourage cultural competency and social and cultural justice in practice. (2010)

Diversity QuickBit Module 1: Cultural Identity and Situational Factors
Knowing ourselves helps us to recognize our personal biases and stereotypes and to see the world from the perspective of others.  This short 7 minute module, also explores two situational factors that affect our ever-changing sense of cultural identities: saliency and intersectionality. (2016)

Diversity QuickBit Module 2: Cultural Openness
An important dimension of cultural humility is to maintain an openness to the cultural differences. This short 3 minute module provides an overview of the ways we can learn from the people with whom we interact, reserving judgment, and bridging the cultural divide between our perspectives. (2016)

Engaging Tribes: FRIENDS Online Learning Center Course
This course, narrated by American Indians, consist of four modules designed to provide users information and resources on the historical experiences of the tribes, its impact on the children and families, and the importance of engaging tribes in practice. The last module addresses specific strategies for effectively engaging tribes and overcoming barriers that might be encountered. 

Introduction to Cultural Responsiveness: A Training Tool
This document is a guide for facilitators using the CBCAP PowerPoint presentation Introduction to Cultural Responsiveness: A Training Tool as a guide for instruction and discussion about: (a) what cultural competence is and why it is important, (b) how to evaluate individual and organizational cultural competence, and (c) how to begin to develop cultural competence and create means to ensure ongoing success. (2014)

Knowing Who You Are (KWYA)
This training designed to raise awareness about the importance developing a healthy sense of racial and ethnic identity (REI). It helps child welfare professionals explore race and ethnicity, preparing them to support the healthy development of racial and ethnic identity of youth in care. (2010) 

Knowing Who You Are: Helping Youth in Care Develop Their Racial and Ethnic Identity
This video provides the catalyst for inspiring courageous conversations and ultimately helping youth in care develop a healthy perspective and vision about their racial and ethnic identity. (2005) 
Viewer’s Guide - http://www.casey.org/media/KnowingWhoYouAre_ViewerGuide.pdf

LAS Take the Lead: Diversity Leadership Strategies
This module presents the framework of cultural humility to promote recognition and valuing of cultural differences and includes concrete strategies for supervisors to use at the interpersonal and agency level. (2012)

Racial Equity Training: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes a study that examines participant knowledge and attitudes about race, engagement in racial equity work, and organizational progress on racial equity following participation in Undoing RacismTM Workshops. (2016)

Staff Retention in Child & Family Services: Working with Differences (Wkbk 3)
This training aims to increase child and family service agencies' effectiveness in developing and retaining their staff by applying information from research and best retention practices. (2007)

Supporting Her Rise to Power: Developing Multicultural Woman-Affirming Leadership
This paper highlights four key points of leadership development that attend to women’s experiences as leaders and responds to the unique relationship among women of color and White women. (2014)

The Challenge of Sustaining Cultural and Linguistic Competence
This brief provides advocates and experts interested in garnering support for policies that would prevent or remediate disparities with a communications roadmap of how best to get there. (2009)

Working with Immigrant Children & Families, A Practice Model: Trainer’s Guide (Georgia)
This training helps social services staff address cultural and language barriers, provide culturally competent practices and service delivery, and engage the community. (2009)

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Evaluation & Outcomes

A Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities
The guide identifies values and priorities that can foster trust and build the knowledge and skills of Tribes, their evaluation partners, and other stakeholders to conduct more useful and meaningful child welfare evaluations. (2014) 

Addressing Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System: What State Policymakers Should Know
This webcast, hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, discusses the disproportional representation of minorities in the child welfare system and offers State examples for responding to this complex issue. (2007)

California Disproportionality Project Breakthrough Series Collaborative Final Report
This report has been developed to share ideas and lessons that emerged from the California Disproportionality Project Breakthrough Series Collaborative (CDP), providing ideas, concepts, and concrete practices and strategies for application to child welfare work as professionals strive to eliminate disproportionality and disparities for African American and American Indian families and children. (2011)

Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the Child Welfare Community
This report provides insight into the issue of overrepresentation (or racial disproportionality) from the perspective of the child welfare community, including agency administrators, supervisors, and direct service workers, and describes the strategies child welfare and child-welfare serving agencies use to meet the needs of children and families of color in the child welfare system. (2003) 

Collaborative & Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities: The Roles and Voices of Key Stakeholders
This video describes the roles of key stakeholders to create a new narrative for evaluation in Tribal communities and reflects on the publication, A Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities, for promoting more collaborative and effective evaluation with Tribal communities. (2014) 

Creating a New Narrative: Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities
This video describes historical experiences of intrusive research and judgmental evaluations that have caused harm to many American Indian and Alaska Native communities, introduces a vision for the future of Tribal child welfare evaluation and a guide for developing culturally and scientifically rigorous evaluation. (2014) 

Cultural Competency (A Closer Look)
This issue of A Closer Look defines cultural competency, reviews its history in public child welfare, and highlights strategies to operationalize cultural competency in a systems of care framework for change. (2009)

Cultural Competence: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes the article “Beyond Cultural Competence: What Child Protection Managers Need to Know and Do” which addresses issues for child protection managers, such as hiring, program design, service evaluation, and policy development. It presents three frameworks for levels of organizational change: cultural sensitivity, which modifies existing services to better meet the needs of target populations; self-reflective cultural sensitivity, which calls for managers to be aware of personal and organizational cultural values; and cultural solidarity, which acknowledges that organizational power is vested in managers, which can oppress clients. (2003)

Cultural Responsiveness: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes an article that discusses the initiative "The Diversity Scorecard" being implemented in higher education to address closing the achievement gap for students who have been historically underrepresented. (2004)

Culturally Competent Systems of Care: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This paper summarizes the article, “Culturally Competent Systems Of Care with Latino Children and Families”, which describes an evaluation of a federally funded initiative designed to train child welfare practitioners in using an existing evidence-based framework—systems of care—with Latino children and families to address the need for culturally competent, community-based services with this population. (2009).

Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice - CW360
This issue explores cultural responsiveness and concepts related to culturally informed practice, features an expanded practice section focusing on innovative, community developed practices, presents articles from child welfare stakeholders on practice implementation and the personal impact of addressing culture in child welfare work, and offers tools and information to help professionals apply the concepts in their own work settings. (2015) 

Disparities & Disproportionality in Child Welfare: Analysis of the Research
This report provides a compilation and analysis of research related to racial and ethnic disproportionality and disparities in child welfare. The review, of over 200 sources, addresses research on child welfare decision-making stages. It describes the main explanatory frameworks that have been formulated for racial disparities in child welfare and includes associated research findings. It also extends to a broader examination of research that explores the role of race as child welfare interacts with other systems of service provision. (2010)

Disproportionality & Disparities in Oregon’s Child Welfare System - County Level Analysis of Administrative Data: Multnomah County
This report analyzes nine key decision points in the child welfare system in Multnomah County, Oregon, in order to investigate disproportionality and racial disparities. (2009).

Disproportionality and Disparities: Understanding the Organizational Contributors
This webinar explores the issue of disproportionality and disparities in child welfare, theories of causation, historical factors, and examines some of the patterns within child welfare agencies that contribute to disproportionally poor outcomes for children of color. (2011)

Evaluation Terms
This webpage provides tip sheets for key evaluation terminology and concepts that are helpful to know when describing an evaluation, and when reviewing its findings.

Evidence-Based Practice in Child Welfare in the Context of Cultural Competence
These six self-study modules aim to enhance understanding and thinking on issues related to cultural competence, child welfare, and evidence-based practice and include reading material, resources, and interactive learning activities. These self-study modules are useful for workers, supervisors, administrators and students who are interested in improving practice and managing to achieve culturally competent, evidence-based practice. (2008)

Executive Summary: 4th National Incidence Study of Child Abuse & Neglect (NIS-4)
This executive summary reports the findings from the Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS–4) and discusses updated estimates of the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States, measures changes in these estimates from earlier studies, and examines the incidence of child maltreatment in relation to various subgroups defined by the child's characteristics and family or household characteristics. (2010)

Fresno County Department of Social Services: Confronting Racial Inequities and Disproportionality to Improve Child Welfare Outcomes for Children & Families
This case study details Fresno County’s efforts to address racial inequities and improve outcomes for all children and youth involved in the county's child welfare system. (2015)

Governor’s Task Force on the Protection of Children Final Report and Recommendations (MN)
This report advise the governor and legislature on system and practice improvements in the child protection system at all levels of government within the state of Minnesota. (2015)

It’s Time to Talk: How to Start Conversations about Racial Inequities
This report tells how KIDS COUNT advocates in Nebraska, Wisconsin and Washington used solid data, leadership and citizen engagement to spur race-based legislation and community change. It is the first installment in the 5-part Race for Results Case Study series, which explores the intersection of kids, race and opportunity in America. (2015)

Policy Actions to Reduce Racial Disproportionality & Disparities in Child Welfare: A Scan of Eleven States
This brief identifies eleven States that are directly addressing disproportionality and disparities through public policy measures and provides information about State-initiated legislative policy. (2009)

Race Equity Review: Findings from a Qualitative Analysis of Racial Disproportionality & Disparity for African American Children & Families in Michigan’s Child Welfare System
This study examines racial disproportionality and disparity, specifically why, after substantiation of child abuse or neglect, are African-American children likely to be removed from their homes. The findings from the intensive review of the State of Michigan Department of Human Services’ policies, procedures, and case practice and this report identify specific policies and practices that contribute to racial disproportionality and disparity, and recommendations for change. (2009)

Racial Equity Training: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes a study that examines participant knowledge and attitudes about race, engagement in racial equity work, and organizational progress on racial equity following participation in Undoing RacismTM Workshops. (2016)

Research Is Action: Disparity, Poverty, and the Need for New Knowledge
This report explores the issue of disparity in relation to child poverty and maltreatment, and the reasons for investing more in understanding where, when, and why disparity is greatest. (2011)

Synthesis of Research on Disproportionality in Child Welfare: An Update
This paper explores recent patterns involving child maltreatment and disproportionality, the role race plays at various decision-making stages in child welfare, the extent of racially disparate treatment in child welfare, and how other social systems contribute to disproportionality in child welfare. (2006)

Talking About Disparities: The Effect of Frame Choices on Support for Race-Based Policies
This brief provides advocates and experts interested in garnering support for policies that would prevent or remediate disparities with a communications roadmap of how best to get there. (2009)

Ten Lessons for Taking Leadership on Racial Equity
This document distills ten lessons for how to take leadership on the difficult topic of race in America and is intended to encourage and suggest strategies to people willing to take up the challenge of promoting racial equity and inclusion. (2013)

Tribal and Non-tribal Agencies: A Comparison of how Social Work with Families is Conceptualized in the US
This article explores how the definitions of family impact the provision of services; addresses issues surrounding domestic violence, teen pregnancy, child welfare involvement and the inclusion of extended families as part of client’s support network; and discusses the need for direct practice using broader, more inclusive approaches to family and child welfare. This article’s findings and conclusions are drawn from a case study involving two different types of social work agencies: Native American child welfare and not-for-profit family services. (2014) 

Understanding and Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in the Front End of the Child Welfare System
This executive summary examines the nature of disproportionality in the frontend of the child welfare system and the interventions designed to address it. (2005)

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Implementation Guides

3 Tools for Getting Started with the Race Matters Toolkit
This paper introduces three simple tools for starting racial equity work off right. (2006)

A Blueprint for Using Data to Reduce Disparities/Disproportionalities in Human Services & Behavioral Health
This guide shows how to use data to help achieve racial equity in human and behavioral health care services policy, utilizing eight steps: (1) readiness, (2) community engagement, (3) identification, (4) assessment, (5) intervention, (6) evaluation/continuous quality improvement, (7) replication, and (8) sustainability. (2013)

Achieving Inclusive Excellence: Strategies for Creating Real and Sustainable Change in Quality and Diversity
This article, written by Damon Williams, shares the several shifts in culture and practice made by the University of Connecticut’s that resulted in improved educational quality and greater success rates for students from traditionally underrepresented populations. (2007)

Achieving Racial Equity: Calling the Social Work Profession to Action
This report includes summaries of all of the presentations, recommendations, and biographies of the speakers at the symposium, Achieving Racial Equity: Calling the Social Work Profession to Action, and an appendix with useful resources for undertaking efforts in agencies, professions and communities to address institutional racism. (2014)

Achieving Racial Equity: Calling the Social Work Profession to Action Brief
This brief highlights the strategic actions and targeted recommendations developed during the symposium, Achieving Racial Equity: Calling the Social Work Profession to Action, where an interdisciplinary group of participants, including social work stakeholders and race equity experts, worked together to more fully understand the roots and manifestations of institutional and structural racism; and to identify principles, practices, and analysis that can be effective for undoing institutional and structural racism. (2014)

Achieving Racial Equity: Child Welfare Policy Strategies to Improve Outcomes for Children of Color
This report begins by providing contextual information about the disparities often experienced by children and families of color, followed by detailed policy strategies that have shown promise in reducing disparities and improving outcomes for children and families of, as well as how funds were strategically directed to make these changes. A Race Equity Impact Assessment Tool is also included to help policymakers understand the impact of changes on particular groups. (2015)

Building Bridges: A Guide to Planning and Implementing Cross-Service Training
This guide outlines a training program for service providers in the specific needs of refugee families, with an emphasis on coordination of services among public child welfare agencies, refugee-servicing agencies, and refugee community associations. The guide reinforces the concept of establishing mechanisms of ongoing communication and collaboration among all service providers through cross-service training, with the ultimate goal of creating and sustaining a comprehensive continuum of care for the refugee population. (2003)

Constructing a Racial Equity Theory of Change: A Practical Guide for Designing Strategies to Close Chronic Racial Outcome Gaps
This publication represents an effort to apply a more race-conscious approach to community building and social justice work and the strategic challenges of making change. (2009)

Developing Culturally Responsive Approaches to Serving Diverse Populations: A Resource Guide for Community-Based Organizations
This guide provides basic information to enhance cultural competence while providing services in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities. (2009)

Disproportionality Diagnostic Tool
This tool helps users examine disproportionality within their child welfare agency’s jurisdiction, identify gaps, target areas for improvements and highlight agency strengths that can mitigate against disproportionate representation. The tool can be taken by an individual or a group of users within agency. (2008)

Foster Care: HHS Needs to Improve the Consistency and Timeliness of Assistance to Tribes
This report examines (1) obstacles facing tribes interested in directly operating a Title IV-E program and (2) the assistance HHS has provided. GAO interviewed officials from 17 tribes, 11 of which were currently developing Title IV-E programs. 

Fresno County Department of Social Services: Confronting Racial Inequities and Disproportionality to Improve Child Welfare Outcomes for Children & Families
This case study details Fresno County’s efforts to address racial inequities and improve outcomes for all children and youth involved in the county's child welfare system. (2015)

Logic Model Template
This document is a sample logic model worksheet for racial equity and particular issues. (2010)

Mind the Gap #9: Achieving Racial Equity through Workforce & Organizational Change   
This thought-provoking, dynamic webinar helps participants understand and apply a racial equity lens to change efforts in child welfare. (2016)

NAPCWA Disproportionate Representation: Agency Diagnostic
This tool helps agencies examine disproportionality within their jurisdiction, identify gaps in the agency, target areas for improvements and highlight agency strengths that can mitigate against disproportionate representation. (2008) Companion documents: Score Sheet and Instructions

Policy Actions to Reduce Racial Disproportionality & Disparities in Child Welfare: A Scan of Eleven States
This brief identifies eleven States that are directly addressing disproportionality and disparities through public policy measures and provides information about State-initiated legislative policy. (2009)

Positioning Public Child Welfare Guidance: Disparity & Disproportionality
This guidance defines racial and ethnic disparities and disproportionality, and discusses the relationship between the two within the field of public child welfare. (2010)

Race Equity and Inclusion Action Guide: 7 Steps to Advance and Embed Race Equity and Inclusion within Your Organization
This guide provides a clear framework to incorporate race equity and inclusion at every stage of work by foundations or other organizations that work directly with systems, technical assistance providers and communities. (2015)

Racial Justice - The Connecticut Journey: A Conversation about the Work
This PowerPoint presentation introduces Connecticut’s Department of Children and Families Statewide Racial Justice Workgroup (SRJW) Leadership and their efforts to achieve racial justice within child welfare by eliminating disparities. 
A transcript of the webinar is available here. (2016)

Strategies to Reduce Racially Disparate Outcomes in Child Welfare
This paper documents the efforts underway in 12 states and localities to tackle the enduring problem of African American, Native American and Latino families faring worse than others being served by the child welfare systems. (2015) 

Structural Racism Theory of Change Framework
This presentation by the Center for the Study of Social Policy explains a step-by-step backward mapping process to help identify the necessary interim and early outcomes required to reduce racial disparities in jurisdictions, neighborhoods and regions. (2013)

The Alaska Child Welfare Disproportionality Reduction Project: Strategies for Success
This five part documentary showcases the Alaska implementation project and the significant gains that have been achieved in State – Tribal collaboration, communication, and mutual understanding. The series captures personal perspectives on cultural responsiveness which contributed to system transformation. The series describes the Western and Pacific Child Welfare Implementation Center’s framework for systems change and how it is guiding efforts to reform the Alaska tribal child welfare system. The documentary includes the following topics: Strategies for System Change, Strategies for System Change, Changes in Work Approach, Valuing and Engaging Cultures and Communities, and Understanding Historical Trauma. (2012) 

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Institutional Analysis

Dismantling Racial Inequity #1: Using an Institutional Analysis to Identify Core Issues and Spur Change
This webinar is the first session of "Dismantling Racial Inequity Through Child Welfare Systems Change" webinar series and shares key components of the Institutional Analysis methodology and how the change framework assists to organize strategies that make a difference in the lives of families and children. (2017)

Race Equity and Inclusion Action Guide: 7 Steps to Advance and Embed Race Equity and Inclusion within Your Organization
This guide provides a clear framework to incorporate race equity and inclusion at every stage of work by foundations or other organizations that work directly with systems, technical assistance providers and communities. (2015)

Fresno County Department of Social Services: Confronting Racial Inequities and Disproportionality to Improve Child Welfare Outcomes for Children & Families
This case study details Fresno County’s efforts to address racial inequities and improve outcomes for all children and youth involved in the county's child welfare system. (2015)

The Institutional Analysis: Uncovering Pathways to Improving Public Systems & Interventions for Children and Families
This paper describes an approach, known as an Institutional Analysis (IA), is to identify organizational structures such as policies, administrative requirements and job descriptions that may contribute to or produce the poor outcomes. (2015)

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Organizational & Self Assessments

3 Tools for Getting Started with the Race Matters Toolkit
This paper introduces three simple tools for starting racial equity work off right. (2006)

A Guide to Planning & Implementing Cultural Competence Organization Self-Assessment
This document offers guidelines to inform organizational self-assessment in cultural competence, specifically, it presents a rationale for organizational self-assessment, essential elements of the process, benefits, and useful steps in planning and implementation of an organizational self-assessment. (2002)

A Guide for Using the Cultural and Linguistic Competence Policy Assessment Instrument
This guide provides step-by-step instructions on how to conduct an organizational self-assessment process and is a companion to The Cultural and Linguistic Competence Policy Assessment (CLCPA). (2006)

Activity to Explore the Impact of Skin Color
This documents guides an activity that illustrates the different experiences participants may have based on the color of their skin and helps provoke thinking and dialogue about different experiences and perceptions. (2015)

Assessing Organizational Racism
This organizational assessment offers a sampling of questions designed to help predominately white organizations and multi-racial organizations of white people and people of color examine and change the ways your organization replicates larger racist patterns. (2001)

Cultural & Linguistic Competence Family Organization Assessment
This assessment tool supports family-focused organizations to: (1) plan for and incorporate culturally and linguistically competent policies, structures, and practices in all aspects of their work; (2) enhance the quality of services and supports delivered within culturally diverse and underserved communities; and (3) promote cultural and linguistic competence as an essential approach in the elimination of disparities and the promotion of equity. (2010)

Continuum on Becoming an Anti-Racist Multicultural Organization
This is a chart that describes the six phases of becoming an anti racist multicultural organization. (2013)

Cultural and Linguistic Competence Policy Assessment (CLCPA)
This assessment tool concentrates on the cultural competence of community health centers and aims to (1) improve health care access and utilization, (2) enhance the quality of services within culturally diverse and underserved communities, and (3) promote cultural and linguistic competence as essential approaches in the elimination of health disparities. (2008)

Cultural Competency Organizational Self-Assessment Toolkit
This toolkit provides agencies with materials to facilitate the organization’s planning and assessment process and includes; background on the development of the self-assessment process; shared experiences of organizations who have implemented the assessment; a guide for implementation planning; communication materials, the assessment tools that will be used; and general Greenbook resource materials. (2006)

Race Matters: Organizational Self-Assessment
This tool contains a questionnaire and next steps that help raise organizational awareness, start focused conversations, contribute to the development of equity action plans, and track organizational change. (2006)

Race Matters Toolkit
This toolkit was designed to help decision-makers, advocates, and elected officials get better results in their work by providing equitable opportunities for all. The toolkit which consists of over a dozen tools, fact sheets, and a user’s guide can be used individually or collectively to engage stakeholders in deeper discussions that lead to moving their organizational and programmatic equity, diversity, and inclusion work forward. (2006)

Race to Equity Toolkit for Conversation
This toolkit offers facilitation assistance to school, faith, and community groups that want to discuss the data presented in the Wisconsin Council on Children and Families' Race to Equity project report and what steps can be taken to narrow racial disparities in their respective organizations. This toolkit can be modified in order to address others’ specific needs and priorities. (2013)

Racial Equity Impact Assessment
This assessment is a systematic examination of how different racial and ethnic groups will likely be affected by a proposed action or decision. (2009)

Resources for Promoting Self-Awareness
This document provides resources are intended to be a starting point for evaluators to begin developing higher a sense of self-awareness and to stimulate conversations regarding cultural competence. (2015)

Step-Forward-Step-Back-Organizational Identity Activity
This activity shows some of the advantages and disadvantages related to organizational power and privilege. The activity is used to show how long-term accumulation of advantages based on organizational privilege can produce gaps among groups and create inequities in the communities we hope to serve. (2016)

Structured Decision Making® Risk Assessment: Does It Reduce Racial Disproportionality in Washington’s Child Welfare System?
This report provides a brief description of structured decision-making (SDM) and its implementation in Washington State, describing research findings regarding racial disproportionality, effects of SDM on rates of out-of-home placements, and rates of subsequent reports to CPS. (2011)

The Role of Assessment In Achieving Cultural Competence
This document provides an overview on self-assessment, the essential elements in achieving cultural competence, and the contributions of National Center for Cultural Competence. (2001)

The Wakanheza Project™ Creating Welcoming Environments
This document provides principles and strategies that prevent or de-escalate stressful situations in public to create more welcoming environments for children, young people, families, and adults. (2015)

Tools for Thought: Using Racial Equity Impact Assessments for Effective Policymaking
This study explores assessment tools that measure the impact of proposed legislation on populations of color and are effective in shaping policy. (2016)

Understanding Structural Racism Activity
This activity helps participants delve deeper in analyzing racism and start to learn how to use a structural racism lens. Many times, actions are focused on changing the personal beliefs without looking at the practices and procedures that contribute to the issue. (2015)

White Privilege Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack
This document lists personal examples of unearned advantage and encourages individuals to reflect on and recognize their own unearned advantages and disadvantages as parts of immense and overlapping systems of power.

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Resources From Other Systems

Confronting Racial Bias at Work: Challenges and Solutions for 21st Century Employment Discrimination
This report reviews the systemic barriers impacting workers of color drawing upon academic research, interviews with discrimination lawyers and EEOC officials, and surveys of worker advocates and presents systemic solutions and recommendations for what our nation needs now and in the future to secure fairness and racially equitable outcomes for workers of color. (2016)

Disproportionality Rates for Children of Color in Foster Care: Technical Assistance Bulletin (2013)
This report utilizes (2013) Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) data and 2013 census population estimates data to calculate current disproportionality indexes for the nation, every state, and Washington, D.C. The report makes comparisons between 2000 and 2013 disproportionality rates to illustrate changes that have occurred in the last decade regarding overrepresentation of children of color in the foster care system. (2015) 

Implicit Bias in the Child Welfare, Education and Mental Health Systems
This paper investigates the impact of racial bias on three public institutions: the child welfare, education, and mental health systems. (2015)

Indigenous Ways of Knowing (IWOK) Tribal Equity toolkit
This toolkit identifies areas in which existing tribal laws may discriminate against Two Spirit/LGBT individuals and gives tribal legislators a brief overview of legal and policy issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit/LGBT Community members, and offers sample resolution and code language for tribal lawmakers to consider adopting to maximize equality within their communities.

National Center for Cultural Competence, Georgetown University Child Development Center
This website offers resources and publications, distance learning opportunities, self-assessments and information on projects and initiatives to increase the capacity of health care and mental health care programs to design, implement, and evaluate culturally and linguistically competent service delivery systems to address growing diversity, persistent disparities, and to promote health and mental health equity.

Social Workers Moving Beyond Neutrality: Confronting Racial Injustice Conference
This four part video features a day-long conference that focuses on racial disparities in education and the criminal justice system, as well as the overrepresentation of people of color among those living in poverty; focuses on African Americans as the more disproportionately disadvantaged population in these three areas; and provides a forum for social workers and social work students to come together to first learn about the disparities and then collectively discuss how to become involved in addressing racial disparities in local communities. (2015)

Tools for Thought: Using Racial Equity Impact Assessments for Effective Policymaking
This study explores assessment tools that measure the impact of proposed legislation on populations of color and are effective in shaping policy. (2016)

 

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