This list of resources supports child welfare staff and leaders as they confront implicit bias, implement system changes, and work to achieve racial equity within their organizations and across systems. The nine categories contain tools, guides, assessments, and curricula which are used to increase understanding, facilitate dialogue, deliver training, analyze current policies, and implement sustainable strategies. If there are any resources we can help you find or you have resources to add to this collection, please contact Sharon Kollar at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Click on each category to filter your results by topical area.



All Racial Equity Resources  ~ 
Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice ~ Data & Analysis ~ Discussion Guides ~  Education & Training ~ Evaluation & Outcomes ~ Implementation Guides ~ Institutional Analysis ~  Organizational & Self Assessments ~ Resources From Other Systems


Evaluation & Outcomes

A Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities
The guide identifies values and priorities that can foster trust and build the knowledge and skills of Tribes, their evaluation partners, and other stakeholders to conduct more useful and meaningful child welfare evaluations. (2014) 

Addressing Disproportionality in the Child Welfare System: What State Policymakers Should Know
This webcast, hosted by the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices, discusses the disproportional representation of minorities in the child welfare system and offers State examples for responding to this complex issue. (2007)

California Disproportionality Project Breakthrough Series Collaborative Final Report
This report has been developed to share ideas and lessons that emerged from the California Disproportionality Project Breakthrough Series Collaborative (CDP), providing ideas, concepts, and concrete practices and strategies for application to child welfare work as professionals strive to eliminate disproportionality and disparities for African American and American Indian families and children. (2011)

Children of Color in the Child Welfare System: Perspectives from the Child Welfare Community
This report provides insight into the issue of overrepresentation (or racial disproportionality) from the perspective of the child welfare community, including agency administrators, supervisors, and direct service workers, and describes the strategies child welfare and child-welfare serving agencies use to meet the needs of children and families of color in the child welfare system. (2003) 

Collaborative & Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities: The Roles and Voices of Key Stakeholders
This video describes the roles of key stakeholders to create a new narrative for evaluation in Tribal communities and reflects on the publication, A Roadmap for Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities, for promoting more collaborative and effective evaluation with Tribal communities. (2014) 

Creating a New Narrative: Collaborative and Effective Evaluation in Tribal Communities
This video describes historical experiences of intrusive research and judgmental evaluations that have caused harm to many American Indian and Alaska Native communities, introduces a vision for the future of Tribal child welfare evaluation and a guide for developing culturally and scientifically rigorous evaluation. (2014) 

Cultural Competency (A Closer Look)
This issue of A Closer Look defines cultural competency, reviews its history in public child welfare, and highlights strategies to operationalize cultural competency in a systems of care framework for change. (2009)

Cultural Competence: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes the article “Beyond Cultural Competence: What Child Protection Managers Need to Know and Do” which addresses issues for child protection managers, such as hiring, program design, service evaluation, and policy development. It presents three frameworks for levels of organizational change: cultural sensitivity, which modifies existing services to better meet the needs of target populations; self-reflective cultural sensitivity, which calls for managers to be aware of personal and organizational cultural values; and cultural solidarity, which acknowledges that organizational power is vested in managers, which can oppress clients. (2003)

Cultural Responsiveness: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes an article that discusses the initiative "The Diversity Scorecard" being implemented in higher education to address closing the achievement gap for students who have been historically underrepresented. (2004)

Culturally Competent Systems of Care: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This paper summarizes the article, “Culturally Competent Systems Of Care with Latino Children and Families”, which describes an evaluation of a federally funded initiative designed to train child welfare practitioners in using an existing evidence-based framework—systems of care—with Latino children and families to address the need for culturally competent, community-based services with this population. (2009).

Culturally Responsive Child Welfare Practice - CW360
This issue explores cultural responsiveness and concepts related to culturally informed practice, features an expanded practice section focusing on innovative, community developed practices, presents articles from child welfare stakeholders on practice implementation and the personal impact of addressing culture in child welfare work, and offers tools and information to help professionals apply the concepts in their own work settings. (2015) 

Disparities & Disproportionality in Child Welfare: Analysis of the Research
This report provides a compilation and analysis of research related to racial and ethnic disproportionality and disparities in child welfare. The review, of over 200 sources, addresses research on child welfare decision-making stages. It describes the main explanatory frameworks that have been formulated for racial disparities in child welfare and includes associated research findings. It also extends to a broader examination of research that explores the role of race as child welfare interacts with other systems of service provision. (2010)

Disproportionality & Disparities in Oregon’s Child Welfare System - County Level Analysis of Administrative Data: Multnomah County
This report analyzes nine key decision points in the child welfare system in Multnomah County, Oregon, in order to investigate disproportionality and racial disparities. (2009).

Disproportionality and Disparities: Understanding the Organizational Contributors
This webinar explores the issue of disproportionality and disparities in child welfare, theories of causation, historical factors, and examines some of the patterns within child welfare agencies that contribute to disproportionally poor outcomes for children of color. (2011)

Evaluation Terms
This webpage provides tip sheets for key evaluation terminology and concepts that are helpful to know when describing an evaluation, and when reviewing its findings.

Evidence-Based Practice in Child Welfare in the Context of Cultural Competence
These six self-study modules aim to enhance understanding and thinking on issues related to cultural competence, child welfare, and evidence-based practice and include reading material, resources, and interactive learning activities. These self-study modules are useful for workers, supervisors, administrators and students who are interested in improving practice and managing to achieve culturally competent, evidence-based practice. (2008)

Executive Summary: 4th National Incidence Study of Child Abuse & Neglect (NIS-4)
This executive summary reports the findings from the Fourth National Incidence Study of Child Abuse and Neglect (NIS–4) and discusses updated estimates of the incidence of child abuse and neglect in the United States, measures changes in these estimates from earlier studies, and examines the incidence of child maltreatment in relation to various subgroups defined by the child's characteristics and family or household characteristics. (2010)

Fresno County Department of Social Services: Confronting Racial Inequities and Disproportionality to Improve Child Welfare Outcomes for Children & Families
This case study details Fresno County’s efforts to address racial inequities and improve outcomes for all children and youth involved in the county's child welfare system. (2015)

Governor’s Task Force on the Protection of Children Final Report and Recommendations (MN)
This report advise the governor and legislature on system and practice improvements in the child protection system at all levels of government within the state of Minnesota. (2015)

It’s Time to Talk: How to Start Conversations about Racial Inequities
This report tells how KIDS COUNT advocates in Nebraska, Wisconsin and Washington used solid data, leadership and citizen engagement to spur race-based legislation and community change. It is the first installment in the 5-part Race for Results Case Study series, which explores the intersection of kids, race and opportunity in America. (2015)

Policy Actions to Reduce Racial Disproportionality & Disparities in Child Welfare: A Scan of Eleven States
This brief identifies eleven States that are directly addressing disproportionality and disparities through public policy measures and provides information about State-initiated legislative policy. (2009)

Race Equity Review: Findings from a Qualitative Analysis of Racial Disproportionality & Disparity for African American Children & Families in Michigan’s Child Welfare System
This study examines racial disproportionality and disparity, specifically why, after substantiation of child abuse or neglect, are African-American children likely to be removed from their homes. The findings from the intensive review of the State of Michigan Department of Human Services’ policies, procedures, and case practice and this report identify specific policies and practices that contribute to racial disproportionality and disparity, and recommendations for change.  (2009)

Racial Equity Training: NCWWI 1-page Summary
This document summarizes a study that examines participant knowledge and attitudes about race, engagement in racial equity work, and organizational progress on racial equity following participation in Undoing RacismTM Workshops. (2016)

Research Is Action: Disparity, Poverty, and the Need for New Knowledge
This report explores the issue of disparity in relation to child poverty and maltreatment, and the reasons for investing more in understanding where, when, and why disparity is greatest. (2011)

Synthesis of Research on Disproportionality in Child Welfare: An Update
This paper explores recent patterns involving child maltreatment and disproportionality, the role race plays at various decision-making stages in child welfare, the extent of racially disparate treatment in child welfare, and how other social systems contribute to disproportionality in child welfare. (2006)

Talking About Disparities: The Effect of Frame Choices on Support for Race-Based Policies
This brief provides advocates and experts interested in garnering support for policies that would prevent or remediate disparities with a communications roadmap of how best to get there. (2009)

Ten Lessons for Taking Leadership on Racial Equity
This document distills ten lessons for how to take leadership on the difficult topic of race in America and is intended to encourage and suggest strategies to people willing to take up the challenge of promoting racial equity and inclusion. (2013)

Tribal and Non-tribal Agencies: A Comparison of how Social Work with Families is Conceptualized in the US
This article explores how the definitions of family impact the provision of services; addresses issues surrounding domestic violence, teen pregnancy, child welfare involvement and the inclusion of extended families as part of client’s support network; and discusses the need for direct practice using broader, more inclusive approaches to family and child welfare. This article’s findings and conclusions are drawn from a case study involving two different types of social work agencies: Native American child welfare and not-for-profit family services. (2014) 

Understanding and Addressing Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in the Front End of the Child Welfare System
This executive summary examines the nature of disproportionality in the frontend of the child welfare system and the interventions designed to address it. (2005)